We all know that no software is fully secure and WordPress is not an exception. WordPress is powering nearly a quarter of all websites worldwide, the platform is naturally an irresistible target for hackers and has been the subject of many attacks over the years. There are some must use WordPress security tips to be used to secure your WordPress blog.
For every exploit or susceptibility which has caused issues, there’ve been dozens caught in time and its all thanks to a combination of user reports, WordPress dedicated security team and the efforts of independent developers to WordPress security.
8 Essential WordPress Security Tips
Use Strong Usernames and Passwords
The most common mistake people make when doing a WordPress install is not changing the default admin username. So if someone is trying to find their way into your website, leaving the default username as it is like making that way somewhat easier for them and further they only need to guess your password.
All users have been able to choose their own admin username during setup since WordPress 3.0. If you didn’t get this option during your installation process and also ignored this WordPress update alerts on your dashboard, then this might be the perfect time to perform the upgrades and take care of your business.
Your password is your second line of defense and, and you all would have being told to pick strong passwords and use unique ones for every site, it’s really something you have to do.
Keep Track of Dashboard Activity
If you have many users on your site, you need to keep track of what they’re doing on your dashboard. Not that you suspect them of any false activity, but sometimes when you have a lot of people involved in your site, a simple mis-step can cause something to break. That’s why logging dashboard activity is so useful – it allows you to retrace your user’s steps up to the point of site breakage.
WordPress logs this information automatically but it’s not easy to use. It’s a much better idea to use a plugin to organize all the data. So you can see if installing a certain plugin, making a specific code change, or uploading a file caused the issue you’re dealing with.
Hardening the wp-config.php File Security
The wp-config.php file contains very sensitive information about the WordPress installation, so it can be a good target for many hackers. If this file is read, then your entire WordPress installation is lost.
You can protect the wp-config.php file by setting the right file permissions like 600, or even 400 for even better security. You can also move the wp-config.php file to a directory above the WordPress installation directory. This way you can make your wp-config.php file completely inaccessible for any outsider.
Backups ensure that your website’s precious contents are protected from any unknown threat. If you haven’t created any automatic or manual backups then all your hard work will be lost. But if you have the backup then you can restore the content immediately and can also inform your subscribers about the problem which you might have faced.
Today there are many ways for creating backups. You can either choose free services like dropbox, Google drive and other for storing your files or can go with premium cloud services.
Update WordPress to the Latest Release
Whenever new WordPress versions are released the wordpress security bugs for previous release becomes informative to the public. WordPress could have susceptibility as a result of how the program is written that allow an attacker to pass arguments, form input, etc, which could cause bad or worse things to happen. So always upate your WordPress to the latest version to make sure that you are protected against WordPress security bugs.
Secure Your wordpress login screen
Even if your username and password combination is secure, a dedicated attacker could potentially gain access to your dashboard given enough time if your login screen isn’t secured against brute-force attacks. An easy way to avoid this is to limit the number of login attempts allowed from a single source within a specific period of time.
Your login screen shouldn’t inform users which field they’ve made a mistake in if they fail to provide the right information. So anything that potentially helps any attacker narrow down their options by eliminating a variable is definitely a thing to be avoided.
Captchas can be a valuable tool for wordpress security login screens securing it against attacks from bots. Although hackers have find the captcha solution, but it still help you set up a small roadblock and shouldn’t be overlooked – especially considering how easy they are to setup.
Another way you can take is configuring notifications to be sent to you whenever there’s a login attempt.
Disable Directory Browsing
When a web server has no default index file in a directory, it simply displays all the files and folders in that directory. This could be a big loophole in your WordPress security. This is called as directory browsing. This loophole can be used by hackers to gather sensitive information like the plugins used, vulnerable files, etc.
You can disable directory browsing from cPanel.
Hide your WordPress version
If you defer WordPress updates, you should always consider hiding your WordPress version because it leaves footprints, which in turn telling the hacker about the useful information of your site.
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